• The sea route from Europe around Africa to the Indian subcontinent and to the Spice Islands of Indochina, therefore also called Spice Route, was discovered between the 15th and 16th century by the Portuguese discoverer Vasco da Gama.
  • The Portuguese avoided the intermediate trade of Indian, Persian, Arabic, Turkish and Venetian merchants. Together with the high tariffs which raised the Ottoman Empire, these intermediaries made the spices in Europe extremely expensive.
  • The breaking of the commercial monopoly of the Venetians, Turks and Arabs in the spice trade made the spices more affordable in Europe and let rise demand and supply.

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